Mr. Maru: How was your trip to Dog World?
Sparky: Well, it was all right.
Mr. Maru: Did you not like it?
Sparky: Well, I thought I took my ticket with me when I left, but actually I forgot it.
Mr. Maru: That's not too bad.
Sparky: Yeah, I just went back home and got the ticket. When I got back home, you just left though.
Mr. Maru: Yeah, I wasn't here. Sorry.
Sparky: So, I had to go through the window, because you locked the doggy door.
Mr. Maru: You have to be safe. Did you go to Dog World?
Sparky: No, I took a nap instead.
What is the difference between simple past and past perfect tense? When do we use the past perfect tense? Is it necessary to use the past perfect tense? Let's look at some examples and some simple rules.
Past Perfect Tense
The basic meaning of the past perfect tense is an 'earlier past'. We already have a tense for the past that tense is called simple past. The past perfect tense is used to talk about an action that happened before the simple past action. For example,
I closed the door. (1st action – simple past)
Some more examples,
The party had started when I arrived. (The party already started. Then I arrived at the party.)
When I got to the house, he had left. (He was not in the house when I arrived at the house.)
I thought I had locked the door. (I'm thinking about a past event.)
We do not need to use past perfect tense to talk about a regular completed action that happened in the past.
I graduated from Tokyo University. (NOT I had graduated from Tokyo University.)
Do you think you understand? Let's take a short a quiz
Past Perfect Tense Quiz
1) I _______ a horse yesterday.
2) The movie ______ when I pushed the play button.
A) had started
B) has started
3) I _______ if mom _______ the laundry.
A) have wondered, did
1) C) – We use simple past because it is a specific time (yesterday).
2) C) – The two things (push the play button, movie started) happened at about the same time.
3) B) – Mom did the laundry and then I wondered about it.
Sorry, I was a day late this week because of an Internet problem.
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|Last Updated on Wednesday, 12 May 2010 17:02|